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RESEARCH


Research Focus: Collective Reflexivity {in} and {through} Design


My research covers an interdisciplinary area between architecture and urban design, participation and digital spatial media. The two main and complementary focus points are exploring and enabling bottom-up participation {in} and {through} reflexive research and design practices.


Bottom-up reflexivity {in} design: This research area frames urban and architectural design as an open learning process which involves understanding how diverse everyday users locate and appropriate existing collective spaces and make creative interactions. It integrates research, development and real world testing of collective action and agile strategies to support sustainable ways of self-organization and bottom-up learning. Examples of these are digital spatial media such as crowdsourcing platforms, ICT-enabled collective and counter mapping practices as well as social-geographic web (Geoweb 2.0) environments that augment design learning.


Bottom-up reflexivity {through} design: This area looks at everyday life as a site for transformative spatial practice and explores alternative ways for enabling reflexive and empowering participation modes through design. It involves recognizing and creating spatial qualities that enable the users to shape and reshape their own living environments. Some of the key design concepts are superdiversity, open form, dynamic program, adaptability, spontaneity, looseness and polyvalence.



Publications



PAK, B. (2015). Strategies and Tools for Enabling Bottom-up Practices in Architecture and Urban Design StudiosKnowledge CulturesSPECIAL ISSUE (Learning, technologies, and time in the age of global neoliberal capitalism)0-12

NEWTON, C.,PAK, B., (2015) Integrating critical (design) thinking into virtual learning environments: an exploration of the possibilities through theory and design,"E-learning" edited by Petar Jandric & Damir Boras, to be published by Springer.

PAK, B., NEWTON, C. (2015) Eversion as a Generative Metaphor for Situating Virtual Worlds in Architecture and Urban Design Education, Virtual Worlds in Online and Distance Education,  Planned for publication by as an Open Access publication (online and print) in the Issues in Distance Education series edited by Terry Anderson (Athabasca University, Canada)  (accepted-forthcoming) to be published by NOVA Science.


Maier, C.PAK, B.Verbeke, J. (2014). Interactive Design: Designing Sensorial, Dialogical SpacesActa Technica Napocensis: Civil Engineering & Architecture57 (3)233-241
PAK, B.Verbeke, J. (2014). Geoweb 2.0 for Participatory Urban Design: Affordances and Critical Success FactorsInternational Journal of Architectural Computing12 (3)283-305

PAK, B, VERBEKE, J. (2014) Geoweb 2.0 for Participatory Urban Design: Affordances and Critical Success Factors, Special Issue: DESIGN AGENCY, 3, International Journal of Architectural Computing.








Vrouwe, I.Luyten, L.PAK, B. (2015). Teaching and Learning CAAD and CAM in a Fluid EraIn Grasl, T. (Ed.), Martens, B. (Ed.), Wurzer, G. (Ed.), eCAADe 2015 - 33rd Annual Conference 16th-18th September 2015International Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe)Vienna16-18 September 2015Vienna, Austria: Vienna Technical University.
PAK, B.Meeus, B. (2015). Project Arrivée: Countermapping Super-diversity in Brussels and Ghent with Architecture Students. In Grasl, T. (Ed.), Martens, B. (Ed.), Wurzer, G. (Ed.), eCAADe 2015 - 33rd Annual Conference 16th-18th September 2015International Conference on Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe)Vienna16-18 September 2015Vienna: Vienna Technical University.

Meeus, B.
PAK, B. (2015). Countermapping Urban ‘Arrival Neighborhoods’ through Geoweb 2.0 in Brussels and Ghent. In Devish, O. (Ed.), Proceedings of the Design, Social Media and Technology to Foster Civic Self-Organisation ConferenceDesign, Social Media and Technology to Foster Civic Self-Organisation (pp. 68-79)Hasselt, Belgium:University of Hasselt.


PAK, B.Verbeke, J. (2014). ICT-enabled Civic Empowerment and Participation: in Design, through DesignIn Thompson, E. (Ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference: Vol. 1Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in EuropeFaculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK,10-12 September 2014 (pp. 89-97)Newcastle: Northumbria University.

VROUWE, I., PAK, B. (2014), Framing Parametric and Generative Structures: A Novel Framework for Analysis and Education, Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe) Conference, Northumbria University, Newcastle.


PAK, B., VERBEKE, J. (2014), ICT-enabled Civic Empowerment and Participation: in Design, through Design, Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe) ConferenceNorthumbria University, Newcastle.


PAK, B., VERBEKE, J. (2014), A Cybernetic Model for Participation {in} and {through} Architectural DesignCreative Adjacencies 2014 Conference, ALFA ADU2020 Project, KU Leuven University Faculty of Architecture, Gent, Belgium.



PAK, B., VERBEKE, J. (2014), Geoweb 2.0 and Design Empowerment, Digital Humanities 2014 Conference, the University of Lausanne (UNIL) and Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL).


PAK, B, Verbeke, J. (2013) Redesigning the urban design studio: Two learning experiments, Journal of Learning Design 6 SPECIAL ISSUE - DESIGN EDUCATION 45-62, Queensland University of Technology

Vrouwe, I; PAK, B (2013) Reframing Structures; Frame Experimentation in Artistic Studies, International Conference on Structures and Architecture.


PAK, B., VERBEKE, J. (2013), Walkability as a Performance Indicator for Urban Spaces, Strategies and Tools for the Social Construction of Experiences, Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe) ConferenceDelft Technical University  Faculty of Architecture, Delft.


PAK, B., VERBEKE, J. (2013), Design Studio 2.0 in Luxembourg: Using Social Geographic Web Platforms to Enhance Design Learning, 47th Intern. ASA (Architectural Science Association) Conference, Hong Kong.


PAK, B.,  VERBEKE J. (2012) Design Studio 2.0: Augmenting Reflective Architectural Design Learning Using Social Software and Information Aggregation Services, Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITCon) Vol. 17  ISSN 1874-4753





PAK, B., VROUWE, I. 2011 Design and Development of Low-Cost Portable Immersive Spaces, ACADIA Conference 2011 Integration Through Computation University of Calgary, Canada





PAK, B., VERBEKE, J. 2011, Usability as a Key Quality Characteristic for Developing Context-friendly CAAD Tools and Environments, Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe) Conference, University of Ljubljana (UL), Slovenia


PAK, B., VERBEKE, J. , AG-UKRIKUL, C. 2011 An “Open-Source” International Urban Design Studio organized in Brussels, Utilizing a Web-based Geographic Virtual Environment Prototype for the Collaborative Analysis of a Fragile Urban Area Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe) Conference, University of Ljubljana (UL), Slovenia




AG-UKRIKUL, C., PAK, B., 2011, Brussels/canal: Everyday spaces in transition, uAD studio 2010-11, International Program Urban Architecture Design Track, Semester 01, Sint-Lucas School of Architecture Publications, Brussels/Belgium, ISBN:9789081323833. (Available in Print Book Format)





PAK, B., VERBEKE, J. 2010
A Virtual Environment Model for Analysis and Evaluation of Future Development Projects for a European Capital, Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe) Conference, ETH (Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule), Zürich




PAK, B., VERBEKE, J. 2010
Models for Creating the Prospective City: Opportunities and Challenges of 4D GIS and Virtual Environments, Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe) Conference, ETH (Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule), Zürich



GLANVILLE, R., PAK, B. 2010 Quasi-Entailment Mesh, European Meetings on Cybernetics and Systems Research, 2010,Vienna University / Austria





PAK, B., ERDEM, A. 2010  Design Decisions in Computer-Aided and Conventional Architectural Design Processes, ITU Journal of Architecture, ISSN: 1303-7005

PAK, B., 2010. A Virtual Environment for Analysis and Evaluation of Alternative Urban Development Projects for the Brussels Capital Region, Institute for the Encouragement of Scientific Research and Innovation of Brussels, Prospective Research for Brussels Project Report 2010 (235 pages)



PAK, B., KUHK, A. 2009. Re-inventing Brussels: How Knowledge on Alternative Urban Development Projects can Alter Urban Policies, The 4th International Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism (IFoU), The New Urban Question, 2009. Delft University of Technology, Amsterdam, p.1421



PAK, B. 2009. Challenging the Cultural Frameworks: a Dialogue with George Legrady, XXI Architecture Design Periodical,Istanbul. Vol 75 February 2009, ISSN: 1303-9598 URL: http://www.xxi.com.tr/?action=displayMain&ID=38



PAK, B. 2009. Cutlery, Shoes, Faucet and UFO: Antwerp Port Authority Building. Yeni Mimar, Istanbul, Vol 75 July 2009. URL:http://www.yenimimar.com/index.php?action=displayArticle&ID=757



PAK, B, 2009. A review of Marcos Novak's latest exhibition "TURBULENT TOPOLOGIES" and interview with the artist.XXI Architectural Design Periodical, July 2009



ERDEM, A, PAK, B, 2007. A New Paradigm in Architecture: Real or Virtual? (Yeni Mimarlık Paradigması: Gerçek mi Sanal mı?), Arredamento Architecture Journal, December 2007, No. 208 pp.64, Boyut Publications, Istanbul



PAK, B, OZENER, O,ERDEM, A, 2006. Utilizing customizable Generative Design Tools in Digital Design Studio: Xp-GEN experimental form generator, International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 4 - no. 4, pp. 21-33



LANDRENEAU, E, OZENER, O, PAK, B, AKLEMAN, E, KEYSER, J, 2006. Interactive Rule-Based Design - An experimental interface for conceptual design, Van Leeuwen, J.P. and H.J.P. Timmermans (eds.) Innovations in Design & Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning, Dordrecht: Springer, ISBN-10: 1-4020-5059-3, ISBN-13: 978-1-4020-5059-6, p. 433-446



ERDEM, A, PAK, B, 2005. Information and Communication Technologies in Design Studio: New Tools, Strategies and Techniques at Work, ITU Journal of Faculty of Architecture Volume 2 / No 3-4 - spring - fall 2005 ISSN 1302-8324



ERDEM, A, PAK, B, 2004. Potentials of Integrating 3d modeling Environments into Design Education : PG.W Workshop,ECPPM Conference 2004 ITC@EDU, Istanbul Technical University



ERDEM, A, PAK, B, 2004. Virtual Architecture: An Experimental Studio (Sanal Mimarlık: Deneysel Bir Stüdyo Çalısması),Summer 2004, Vol: 4 , The Official Journal of Turkish Chamber of Architects (TOL)



PAK, B, OZENER, O, 2004. Digital Medium and Design - Digital Design Days (Dijital Ortam ve Tasarım - Dijital Tasarım Günleri, Portfolyo Architectural Journal, August 2004



PAK, B, OZENER, O, ERDEM, A, 2003. Xp-GEN. A randomized design tool for non-deterministic digital design methods in architecture and visual design Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe) Conference 2003, Graz University



OZENER, O, PAK, B, ERDEM, A, 2002. Fluxxoid v.4.1 “the liquified being of space”, European Capital, Education and Research Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe (eCAADe) Conference, 20 [design e-ducation] Modeling Real and Virtual Worlds, Warsaw University of Technology



OZENER, O, PAK, B, ERDEM, A, 2002. Internet as an Architectural Design Medium (Mimari Etkinlik Alanı Olarak Internet ve Yeni Perspektifler), 8th Internet Conference, Istanbul





Conference Scientific Committee
Design, Social Media and Technology to Foster Civic Self-Organisation Conference
. Hasselt, Belgium:University of Hasselt, 2015


eCAADe 2015 Conference, Vienna TU
eCAADe 2014 Conference, Newcastle Univesity, 
eCAADe 2013 Conference
, Delft TU, 2013


eCAADe 2012 Conference, Prague TU, 2013


Knowing by Designing International Conference, Brussels, 2013


Communicating by Design International Conference, Brussels, 2009


Fragile International Student Conference, Brussels, 2011





Seminar Organizations


Digital Design Days Conference 2003, Digital Design Days Conference 2004 , Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture >> Website


Istanbul Fragmented International Conference 2005 , Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture >> Website


Conference of European Schools for Advanced Engineering Education and Research 2004, Istanbul Technical University >> Website




Workshop Organizations


Experiments in Paperless Media, 2005 Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, (with Arzu Erdem)


PG.W Workshop, 2004, Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, (with Arzu Erdem) - The use of Polygon Modeling in Architectural Design >> Overview


Fractal Workshop, 2004, Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, (with Arzu Erdem) - Designing Spaces using Fractal Algorithms, L-Systems


Cocoon Workshop, 2004, Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, (with Arzu Erdem) - CAD CAM / Integrated Methods and Approaches in Architectural Design


Virtual Museum Project, 2003, Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, (with Ozan Ozener and Arzu Erdem) - Designing Virtual Architecture


da351, 2002, Liquified being of space,Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, (with Ozan Ozener and Arzu Erdem) - Experimental Animated Form Generation Using Predefined Algorithms

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